Accessible Parking and Passenger Loading Zones - Advanced

Thursday, August 4, 2016
2:30 PM - 4:00 PM Eastern Time Zone


This session will provide an in-depth review of requirements in the ADA and ABA Accessibility Standards for parking spaces and passenger loading zones. Topics to be addressed include the minimum number required, location, van spaces, vertical clearances, alterations, signage, valet parking and more. Participants interested in this session are encouraged to review archived sessions on this topic for a review of the basic provisions.

Continuing Education Recognition Available

Certificate Credit hours
Certificate of Attendance 1.5
LA CES 1.5


Melissa Anderson, Transportation Engineer, Office of Technical and Information Services, US Access Board

Bill Botten, Training and Technical Assistance Coordinator, Senior Accessibility Specialist, Office of Technical and Information Services, U.S. Access Board

Questions for presenters:

1 Is angled or front-in only parking prohibited for the accessible parking spaces at a parking facility?
2 Please address parent vehicle and school bus drop off lanes at public schools.
3 Please define "parking facility". In a college campus with several labeled/unlabeled and interconnecting parking lots, figuring out where one lot starts and the other ends can be open to interpretation.
4 I have a good understanding of the parking and loading zone criteria but what if the parking is remote from the public facility or business? What if a person can't drive or there is no public transportation? Who or what controls the accessibility if you just want to walk, or roll, from point A to B?
5 In a multi-story garage, can van designated spaces be concentrated only on the ground level?
6 Slope in accessible parking is becoming an issue. Is there any plan to differentiate between longitudinal and transverse slopes? Also at 1/4" per foot, no correctly designed roadway will accommodate parallel parking as an option for an accessible site.
7 If only one accessible space is provided in a design, on which side of the parking stall do you put the diagonal striping? Is it recommended that the striping be on the driver side or the passenger side?
8 When a developer submits a site plan for a new multifamily development, the boxes representing buildings do not typically show the number of units, required to determine Type A parking requirements, or the location of units that would require an accessible route from the parking. Is it possible to determine the total number of accessible parking stalls required for the new development, based on this limited information?
9 And in reference to the recently posted question about number of accessible stalls, is it possible to determine the location of accessible stalls based on a preliminary site plan without building plan information?
10 Where a new parking lot is added to an existing college campus, for students to use to access buildings on campus, is the overall number of accessible parking spaces provided throughout the whole campus sufficient to determine the number of additional accessible parking stalls (if any) required for a new remote parking area?
11 It may seem obvious, but I have seen this situation too many times not to ask: Can the "nose" of the car overhang a sidewalk curb as part of the required stall length, assuming a clear walk remains? Should it always be a wheelstop?
12 In some institutions like community colleges, the availability for accessible parking for the public competes with the demand for accessible parking for employees with placards. Must the college provide additional accessible parking spaces for employee accommodations beyond the requirements of the 2010 ADA Standards, Table 208.2? If yes, then how should they be designated and must they always have an access aisle?
13 Sometimes the slope and location requirements conflict in existing parking lots with severe grades. Is it okay to locate accessible parking spaces slightly further from the entrance if compliant slopes are more attainable in that location?
14 Wheelstops at parking spaces don't work in New England as they are damaged and removed by snow plows. What are other recommended strategies to avoid car overhang over sidewalk?
15 Wheelstops at parking spaces don't work in New England as they are damaged and removed by snow plows. What are other recommended strategies to avoid car overhang over sidewalk?
16 A circular drop off area is being planed for both paratransit drop off and public drop off. the plan is to have the sidewalk level with the road at most points around the circle. Bollards will be used and contrasting colors of surfaces, possibly some contrast of the surface itself. Will detectable warning tiles be required?
17 Can you discuss strategies for providing accessible parking spaces in urban areas with largely on-street parallel parking?
18 How should accessible parking spaces be handled for non-paved parking lots such as trailheads?
19 When evaluating the primary accessible path of travel in an existing building, do I need to re-establish the minimum number of stall required.
20 Does 209.4 Valet Parking and 209.5 Mechanical Access Parking require accessible spaces per 208 in addition to the loading zone. This would makes sense as the attendant probably cannot use hand controls, and almost all car stackers are not usable by many of those with mobility impairments.
21 Could you discuss the on-street parallel parking requirements. Most on-street parking spaces are accessible but often there are trees or planters that restrict the use of deploying a ramp. Also, there was an earlier question regarding which side of the parking stall do you put the diagonal striping, the ramp on a van deploys on the passenger side so the striping should be on the passenger side.
22 Can an employer move its accessible parking from an area immediately in front of the accessible office entrance all employees are required to use to clock into upon beginning their work shift to an area 150 yards away from the entrance while still allowing customers, managers, and secretaries to park next to the entrance? Would the answer be the same if only customers were allowed to park next to the entrance and all employees were required to park 150 yards away in the new parking area?
23 Is an accessible parking space required for a facility that it not accessible (outdoor community garden on a slope)? At which point is the requirement for an accessible space triggered for such a facility?
24 In an environment where there is no private property (site is in public R/W), does each individual building require an accessible space (per ABAAS, shortest accessible route) or can accessible spaces be distributed around block perimeter per Public R/W Guidelines to serve multiple buildings?
25 There is no inclusion of van accessible pkg in the PROWAG. To what degree is this to be accommodated, especially if the van has a rear operated lift or ramp. Is a van accessible sign required to be posted.