Accessible Residential Facilities

Thursday, July 7, 2022
2:30 PM - 4:00 PM Eastern Time Zone


Accessibility guidelines and standards issued under the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA), the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Fair Housing Act, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act apply to residential dwelling units to ensure these facilities are accessible to people with disabilities. These laws, guidelines, and standards can be difficult to understand and lead to confusion for many design professionals, lawyers, and citizens. This session will clarify these laws and their application in the ADA and ABA Accessibility Guidelines for residential facilities. Presenters from the U.S. Access Board and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) will review differences between Title II and III of the ADA and the ABA, as well as their overlap with HUD's 504 regulations of the Rehabilitation Act. Additionally, presenters will highlight accessible design and construction requirements under the Fair Housing Act that apply broadly to most multifamily housing. The session will also cover scoping and technical requirements in the ADA and ABA Accessibility Guidelines for work surfaces, turning space, accessible routes, reach ranges, and windows in residential dwelling units.

Session participants are encouraged to share their own areas of confusion and submit questions in advance of the session. Questions can also be posed during the live webinar. This webinar will include video remote interpreting (VRI) and real-time captioning. Webinar attendees can earn continuing education credits.

Continuing Education Recognition Available

Certificate Credit hours
California Architects Board 1.5
Certificate of Attendance 1.5
ICC 1.5
LA CES 1.5


Rex Pace, Senior Advisory for Accessible Design, U.S. Department of housing and Urban Development

Scott Windley, TA Coordinator and Senior Accessibility Specialist, Office of Technical and Information Services, U.S. Access Board

Questions for presenters:

1 Under what conditions do forward-approach clear floor spaces under sinks and work surfaces require a 36" clear width due to alcove conditions (ADAS 305.7)? Does an appliance more than 24" deep on one side of the clear floor space trigger this requirement, or only if both sides are bound by elements <24" deep?
2 For communication feature dwelling units, they need to comply with ADA and 809.5, as well as the Fair Housing Act requirements. Are there any more requirements this unit type is to comply with? If there are federal funds/programs they would additionally need to comply with HUD's 2014 Deeming Notice - does that impact any requirements for new construction?
3 Under Section 504, a toilet is required to be 18" from side wall. Can 16-18" be substituted for the 18" requirement here? (ADA and 117.1 allow for 16-18:)
5 1) What are accessibility requirements in: a) homeless shelters b) HUD funded rapid transition (RT) housing and supportive housing programs? How many units of RT/supportive housing and shelter sleeping spaces must be reserved as accessible to wheelchair users and to what extent the physical access needs must be met in those spaces? 2) If the shelter is not accessible, is the shelter or the county DSS responsible for providing a disabled homeless person with an alternative accommodation, such as a motel room?
6 In the 2010 ADA Standards, Section 233.3.4, for the alteration exception, an entity may construct a comparable unit where it is technically infeasible to provide an accessible route to the unit being altered. Given the alteration might be completed far in advance of the completion of a new, comparable unit, what is the time frame for completing the comparable unit in relation to the alteration project?
7 In a residential 55 and older community typical building setting, what if the minimum longitudinal ADA accessibility route gradient cannot be met due the adjacent roadway exceeding the maximum 5% slope? The accessible route would be from a visitor type parking areas to each individual residential cluster (town house type configuration). Would adjacent roadway gradient need to be 5% max too? Would railings need to be installed along the sidewalks?
8 The standards seem phrased as minima for compliance with laws and regulations. Are there examples of best practices that go beyond compliance? Should there be?
9 Does a Condo who has some people renting them have to conform to the ADA Requirements on Common Elements such as a Pool in NJ?
10 Situation: Privately developed, beach front individual non-connected single family large residences used to rent out to guests/visitors. Each house has a private pool and private dock. Owned and managed by 1 company re: furnishings, housekeeping, electronic key code via phone to individuals. There is no "clubhouse" or "lobby". Due to beach front proximity the house is elevated 5' plus. What is the requirement for an accessible route between the houses? Even though these are individual houses, these would be considered Transient Lodging vs. residential, correct?

Session Questions

This session is accepting questions from registered users. After you have registered to participate in this session you can submit your questions on your Account Manager page. Please note: the number of questions will be limited and submissions will be closed well before the session starts to provide time to prepare answers.

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